Quick Answer: What Is Solutio Indebiti In Law?

What is a passive subject in law?

A passive subject –the person who is bound or has the duty to fulfill the obligation, called the debtor or obligor.


An active subject – the person who can demand the fulfillment of the object or presentation, called the creditor or obligee.


An object or presentation – this is the subject matter of the obligation..

What is Resolutory condition?

Resolutory condition refers to a condition whereby, upon fulfillment terminates an already enforceable obligation. It also entitles the parties to be resorted to their original positions. A resolutory condition is also implied in all commutative contracts.

Are all rights transmissible?

Subject to such laws, all rights acquired by virtue of an obligation are transmissible. Heirs shall be liable only to the extent of what they stand to inherit.

What is estoppel example?

If the court has established in a criminal trial that someone is guilty of murder, the legal doctrine preventing the murderer from denying his guilt in a civil trial is an example of estoppel. … An estoppel created by the failure to speak of a party who had an obligation to do so.

What is the definition of estoppel?

A bar that prevents one from asserting a claim or right that contradicts what one has said or done before, or what has been legally established as true. Estoppel may be used as a bar to the relitigation of issues or as an affirmative defense.

Why are obligations under Civil Code a juridical necessity?

2. Why are obligations under the Civil Code a juridical necessity ? Explain . It is because the obligor or the oblige has a right to call upon the courts of justice , and you can legally demand what is due .

What are examples of obligations?

The definition of an obligation is something that someone is required to do. An example of obligation is for a student to turn in his homework on time every day. A duty imposed legally or socially; thing that one is bound to do by contract, promise, moral responsibility, etc.

What are generic things in law?

In contrast, indeterminate or generic thing is the opposite of determinate or specific thing; that is, generic or indeterminate thing is not particularly designated or physically segregated from all others of the same class. It means that a thing cannot be specifically determined from things of the same class.

What are the 2 kinds of quasi contract?


What is the purpose of estoppel?

“The purpose of an estoppel statement is twofold: (1) to give a prospective purchaser or lender information about the lease and the leased premises and (2) to give assurance to the purchaser or lender that the les- see at a later date will not make claims that are inconsistent with the statements contained in the …

What is Solutio Indebiti?

Solutio indebiti refers to the juridical relation which arises whenever a person unduly delivers a thing through mistake to another who has no right to demand it. If something is received when there is no right to demand it, and it was unduly delivered through mistake, the obligation to return it arises. ( Art.

What are the requisites of Solutio Indebiti?

In order to establish the application of solutio indebiti in a given situation, two conditions must concur: (1) a payment is made when there exists no binding relation between the payor who has no duty to pay, and the person who received the payment, and (2) the payment is made through mistake, and not through …

Is Solutio Indebiti is a contract?

Quasi-contract arises because of these acts which might result to an unjust enrichment. … Examples of these acts that give rise to quasi-contract are Negotiorum gestio and Solutio indebiti.

What are the 5 sources of obligation?

Terms in this set (6)Law. when they are imposed by law itself.Contracts. when they arise from the stipulation of the parties.Quasi-contracts. … Crimes or acts or omissions punished by law. … Quasi-delicts or torts. … Law.

What are natural obligations?

A natural obligation is an obligation that has no legal basis and hence does not give a right of action to enforce its performance. It is based on equity, morality, and natural law, and should be voluntary.

What is prestation in law?

1 feudal law : a rent, tax, or due paid in kind or in services (as in return for the lord’s warrant or authority for taking wood) 2 civil law : a performance of something due upon an obligation.

What is meant by estoppel in law?

In its simplest sense, doctrine of Estoppels, precludes a person from denying or to negate anything to the contrary of that which has been constituted as truth, either by his own actions, by his deeds or by his representations or by the acts of judicial or legislative officers.

What is example of Solutio Indebiti?

Solutio Indebiti (Payment by mistake) It is the juridical relation which arises when a person is obliged to return something received by him through error or mistake. Example- Arvin owed Ian the sum of P1, 000.00. By mistake, Arvin paid P2, 000.00.

What is generic thing?

Generic or Indeterminate thing. -refers only to a class or genus and cannot be pointed out with particularity. -identified only by its SPECIE. Duties of debtor to give a DETERMINATE THING. 1.)

What are the kinds of delay in law?

There are three kinds of delay namely: Always keep in mind that the debtor can only have an obligation to give, to do, and not to do, so he can only be delayed between the two, to give and to do, because there is no delay in not to do. One cannot be in delay for not doing at all.

What is a specific thing in law?

A thing is determinate or specific when it is distinct from all others of the same class. A determinate thing is distinct because of its individuality. Examples of a determinate thing are: the laptop you are viewing this website on, your car (if you own only one), the lot on 443 Sto.

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